In history, it is called Killa Durbar or Castle. But later it was called Gadhi. This is a mistake. V.S. In 1622, Lohang Sen was the first king to break up the Palpa kingdom and form an independent Makwanpur state. The Narayani River formed the state of Makwanpur as far east as Jaldhaka (the confluence of the Brahmaputra and Ganga rivers). Makawanpur Gadhi, popularly known as Makwanpur Gadhi, is the palace of the Makwanpur king. The Hindustani Mughal kings of that time used to be the palaces of the emperors. In India, including the UK, Europe, Turkey, Arab countries
Marriage of Prithvinarayan Shah
V.S. Around 1795, Prince Prithvinarayan was married to Hemkarna Sen’s daughter Indra Kumari in this palace. His elder brother was Digbandhan Sen.
Nepal unification war
V.S. In 1819, an attack was planned on the capital of Makwanpur. There were army barracks all over Indradaha hill in Kathmandu. That was the temporary abode of King Prithvinarayan Shah. The arena (firm base) for the Gorkhali army was Dahchok. On 17 August 1762, the invading army under the command of Chautara Mohammad Kriti Shah marched and reached on 20 August. According to the astrologer’s site, the attack took place on the morning of August 21 (First Light). King Digbandhan Sen’s army fought back. After about 400 died, all the Sen forces fled. King Digbandhan Sen and Minister Kanak Singh Baniya along with the Bhardars and the army reached Hariharpur fort (small palace). A few days earlier, the king had sent his queen, family, and possessions away from the palace for fear of war.
As many as 60 people, including some commanders of the Gorkhali army, were killed. Makwanpur Durbar was won by Gorkhali. A month later, King Digbandhan attacked Hariharpur fort and won. Digbandhan ran towards Khundaghat.
War against Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal)
There was a superstition that the Muslim rulers of India repeatedly entered the Kathmandu Valley and looted and took away wealth. Mir Qasim sent army commander Gurgin Khan with a large army and arms to attack the Makwanpur palace and plunder the Malla kingdom of the Kathmandu Valley. In 1819 (December 1672), Gurgin Khan, leading an army of 3,500 men, marched from Murshidabad to the Harnamadi field (east-south of present-day Hetauda). Now Prithvinarayan Shah has to be beaten against the enemy quickly. And when he was coming from Indra Daha of Dahchok to fight against the enemy on his own, his brothers-in-law did not allow him to come here. Army is deployed in Dhunge Gadhi, Dadhuwa Gadhi, Makwanpur (Durbar) fort etc. to prepare for the attack. The Muslim army attacked the Makwanpur palace on the morning of January 20, 1763. There was fighting all day. The Muslims could not fight at night. The war stopped. At this time, more troops arrived from Dahchok. Then Gorkhali attacked indiscriminately from three sides. Many Muslim soldiers died. Gurgin Khan ran away. Two cannons and about 500 rifles were seized, Gorkhali said. For the first time in centuries, Nepal has destroyed the looting Muslim army that has been looting inside Nepal. Never returned after that, this war has created two records – one, the first war that Nepal (Fractured Nepal) won against foreign powers. Second, Prithvi Narayan Shah set up five companies (Gulms) with 100 weapons for the first time. Among them were Srinath, Kali Box, Savuj, Barj Bani (not Ward Bahadur) and Gorakh (now Old Gorakh) companies. Second, Prithvi Narayan Shah set up five companies (Gulms) with 100 weapons for the first time. Among them were Srinath, Kali Box, Savuj, Barj Bani (not Ward Bahadur) and Gorakh (now Old Gorakh) companies.
V.S. On November 1, 1814, the British East India Company in India declared a formal war against Nepal. But 10 days earlier, the British had violated international law by launching an attack on the Khalanga fort in Nalapani. The British launched an attack from Jhapa-Vijaypur, Makwanpur, Palpa, Kumaon, Nalapani, Nahan Shrimore, Malaun-Nalagarh areas along the length of 2500 km from Tista river in the east to Sutlej river in the west. Of these, Makwanpur was the main and important one. From here, the capital Kathmandu is very close. After the declaration of war by the British, Nepal deployed troops in all the seven mentioned areas. In the first phase, Colonel (later General) Ranbir Singh Thapa and in the second phase, his brother Kazi Bakhtawar Singh Thapa took command (leadership) in this area. This palace was the regional headquarters of the battlefield. There are several stages to this war.
Colonel Ranbir Singh Thapa Commander-in-Chief He was the Sector Commander of Koshi River West and Narayani River East. He deployed troops including Sumeshwar Gadhi, Upardang Gadhi, Kavilas Gadhi, Kandrang Gadhi, Chisapani Gadhi, Makwanpur Fort, Dhunge Gadhi, Dadhuwa Gadhi, Hariharpur Gadhi, Amwas Gadhi, Hariharpur Fort, Sindhuli Gadhi, Udaipur Gadhi and Chaudandi Gadhi. Similarly, troops were deployed in the Terai area up to Parsa (fortress) fort, Bara fort, Samanpur etc. On the British side, under the leadership of Major General Bennett Marley, the attack was spreading from Janakpur to Chitwan in the east. Meanwhile, while the British army was advancing to attack from Rautahat-Bara and Parsa Muhuda, on the last night of December 1814, on the night of the beginning of the British New Year, the British attacked Samanpur, Bara Gadhi and Parsa Gadhi on the same night and at the same time. Everyone ran away. Surprisingly, it was the British division commander Marley who fled the battlefield. This is the first and last incident from Ubela to the present day. Thus, in the first phase, Nepal completely defeated the British.
By May 15, 1815, Nepal had lost all the wars in the Mahakali West and the western border had become the Kali (Mahakali) River. However, Nepal had won the battle up to the river Tista east of Mahakali. The British wanted to reach Kathmandu only because they were not satisfied with the land west of Mahakali. He then planned to re-attack Major General David Akterloni, the commander who had defeated Badakaji Amar Singh Thapa in the Malaun-Nalagarh area, via Makwanpur area and again in Kathmandu. The British were successful commanders of the war through Nepal, Akterloni. Meanwhile, Colonel Ranbir Singh’s brother Kazi Bakhtawar Singh Thapa came as the head of Makwanpur military base while Ranbir Singh was deployed in Vijaypur-Jhapa area. It was decided that the second phase of the war would take place between Koshi river and Narayani river. The Nepal Army was deployed in this area as before. Badakaji Amar Singh Thapa was posted at Sindhuli Gadhi and his son Kazi Ranjor Thapa at Hariharpur Gadhi. They were under Kazi Bakhtawar Singh. The British captured Makwanpur Durbar and Hariharpur Fort (small Durbar) from two fronts.